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Nicolas Pro
Date2021-01-16CategoryOnline Mahjong

Mahjong game reviews are fantastic for improving. There's only so many ways that you can effectively progress in riichi mahjong, and getting Tenhou logs reviewed is not only fun for the player but also for the mahjong coach. Sometimes people approach me to ask to have their mahjong games, mainly on Tenhou, reviewed or commented, even while many of them usually have no idea of what a game review comprises. So, I will post here an actual example of a game log I was sent recently to review. Maybe you can find some mistakes in common, and it can help you improve as well!

Mahjong Game Review for Tenhou (+10 Bonus Key Advice Points)

Audit, comments, guidance

Game Start
Let the (mahjong) game (review) begin!

INTRODUCTION: Reviewing what to fix about your mahjong game

Thank you for sending me this game log for reviewing your mahjong plays. I hope this can help you improve!

My first impression while looking at this game is that you don’t need to dig too far into advanced techniques, but you must absolutely fix the wounds in your fundamentals first: especially tile efficiency.

You’re prone to going back shanten for no apparent reason and choosing some discards that aren’t the best for neither defending nor attacking. It’s essential that your discards are good for one of those two things (or both!).

It also seems you don’t really know how to handle your honor tiles, and you just opt to systematically discard all of them at the start no matter the kind of hand you receive, I’d also like to try and fix that.

HYPOTHESIS: How to fix and improve your mahjong skills

I believe that if you review basic shapes over and over, you’re going to stop making basic tile efficiency mistakes. There were many errors that I’m sure that, if you were to stop and think calmly, you would have realized by yourself.

I understand Tenhou has a time limit and that’s the likely cause for those errors; so the only way to reduce your thinking time is by throwing in some more practice. "Quick thinking" is sadly not something that can be taught, it has to be drilled. There's an excellent way to practice this and get your head moving faster:

Get your mahjong set, grab 13 random tiles by yourself, then draw a random tile each time and quickly discard while trying to get to tenpai, without sorting your hand. This is the way a few parlor owners train some of their new members to play faster, and this training will cut your thinking time in half when you’re finally able to play with your tiles sorted, giving you more time to think about the strategic side and spend less time trying to figure out the shape. You should also become able to recall your hand without looking at it, which is a tremendously useful skill to have while playing.

Things you will need after this game review

I would like you to start playing while thinking about shanten number, and if you decide to take a step back (or forwards), you try to do so consciously. You don’t need to count when you’re farther away than 3 shanten, but I’d like you to be aware when you go from 3 shanten to 2 shanten, or when you go from 1 shanten back to 2 shanten. Internalize it.

Materials

  1. This book (you don’t need to understand the Japanese, just look at the problems and answers for now)
  2. This training (as described above), mahjong tiles for it
  3. Perseverance!

Procedure

  1. Become able to recall every correct answer of the book, one chapter at a time.
  2. Then, try to think by yourself of the reason why that discard is the correct one.
  3. Practice the discard exercise for 30 minutes as explained above.

Mahjong Game Review from a Tenhou Log

(Game log link removed for privacy)

East 1, 0 Honba

East 1, 0 Honba
East 1, 0 Honba

This hand has no dora, no yaku, and only one ryanmen. Pairing yakuhai will give you the speed boost this hands needs to make up for its low value.

Considering defense for the future as well, 1pmahjong tile and 9pmahjong tile are not that useful to you, but they might become someone else's winning tile later on very quickly. I suggest you discard either 1pmahjong tile or 9pmahjong tile and keep your yakuhai in hands like this.

Key point #1

Hands with very low value need either a speed boost or safety to compensate.NPMahjong

East 1, 0 Honba

If you discard 2mmahjong tile, you’re missing on the ryanmen improvement by drawing 3mmahjong tile. Ittsuu is too far away, and it’s only a 2 han yaku. Pinfu is worth only 1 han less, but it’s immensely easier here. To get that ittsuu here you need to draw 2pmahjong tile 5pmahjong tile 7pmahjong tile 8pmahjong tile in the right order and within the remaining draws (before anybody reaches and wins, too), and it’s not too realistic. Discard 9pmahjong tile. (Keep 6pmahjong tile for ryanmen and possibly sanmenchan improvement and sanshoku evolution)

East 1, 0 Honba

Key point #2

Many middle tiles discarded early on, and yakuhai as a first discard are signals of a fast, decent hand.NPMahjong

I think defending here was a good call, good job. East opened up his hand, and his discards look pretty fast (plenty of middle tiles and Yakuhai as his first discard these combined are signals of speed and value), while your hand is both, slow and cheap. It was an excellent choice to fold. However, next draw…


East 1, 0 Honba

This 3mmahjong tile is not a safe tile. Sure, it is also not an “incredibly dangerous tile,” but it’s an unnecessary small risk. You have plenty of safe tiles to defend all the way to the end. The sum of these little mistakes will add up in the long run. Discarding 3mmahjong tile doesn’t move your hand forwards, and it’s not a safe tile (it can still deal into toitoi, chanta, junchan, ittsuu, sanshoku, and yakuhai ankou, etc., all of them can use the dora as pair as well). Don’t give people chances like that when your hand is as cheap and unwinnable like this one.

Key point #3

With cheap, slow hands it’s crucial that you do not give people chances, however small.NPMahjong

East 1, 0 Honba

Your hand is cheap, your tenpai chance slim: only 6smahjong tile and 9smahjong tile, 5 tiles in total. Even if you do get tenpai, your wait will be 4 tiles at best. On top of that, you’re against a riichi and East who was already dangerous. 8mmahjong tile itself isn’t “too dangerous” (given that you see three 7mmahjong tile), but it’s an unnecessary risk for no reward. Choose 7mmahjong tile and fold correctly.

This hand is too terrible to close your eyes and chase it blindly like that. Save those points for when you get a decent hand.

Key point #4

When you get poor hands, don’t gamble unnecessarily; save your points to invest them into your better hands.NPMahjong

East 1, 1 Honba

East 1, 1 Honba
East 1, 1 Honba

Here you went back from 1shanten to 2shanten for no reason, and tearing apart the sanshoku you were trying so hard to build. You still don’t see a single 7mmahjong tile on the board yet, so is there a reason why you’d break up your hand and discard a tile that is neither safe nor leads you to tenpai?

It’s normal to discard 3pmahjong tile here. I understand you might feel uneasy about having a penchan shape, but this kind of detour is only playable in the first row of discards; after that, you fall behind everyone. You're lucky it worked out in the end, and you didn’t deal into anybody.

Key point #5

Long detours are only playable in the first row of discards.NPMahjong

East 2, 0 Honba

East 2, 0 Honba
East 2, 0 Honba

I think by this point you had probably already decided you’d go for hon itsu. That’s good. Nevertheless, there’s a technique you can use early on when you have decided to go for hon itsu to make your hand a little bit easier to win: discard the suit that you have the more tiles in first. In this case, souzu tiles. By doing so, you don’t reveal the actual color of your hon itsu to your opponents right away, making it harder to respond to your calls.

If you discard 1mmahjong tile 7smahjong tile, then you immediately inform everyone that you’re going for pinzu right away. However, if you dump 7smahjong tile 2smahjong tile 1smahjong tile, then nobody can pinpoint whether you’re going for manzu or pinzu just yet.

Other than that, this hand was average, and anybody would’ve played it with the same result - but that’s a good thing. It is essential that you don’t let the simple hands slip away.

Key point #6

When locking in towards hon itsu, start by discarding the obsolete suit that you have the most tiles in.NPMahjong

East 3, 1 Honba

East 3, 1 Honba
East 3, 1 Honba

The 3mmahjong tile becomes ryanmen with 2mmahjong tile or 4mmahjong tile. 9mmahjong tile never becomes ryanmen. The value of 3mmahjong tile is higher than that of 9mmahjong tile. Accordingly, please discard 9mmahjong tile. There’s also a small chance for 234 sanshoku naturally in the distance.

For instance,

mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile

or

mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile
mahjong tile

depending on the timing and order in which you draw your useful tiles.

East 3, 1 Honba
East 3, 1 Honba

3p just passed, you get a free pass to discard it safely and keep the larger 1 shanten. By shedding 5smahjong tile, you lose the 47s tenpai chance, iipeikou chance, and the chance to discard dora safely. The only thing you gain in exchange is participating in the lottery of drawing one of the 2 remaining dora while dragging the risk of having to release it later on. I don’t recommend you buy into that lottery. Please, keep the larger 1 shanten shape. Riichi, tsumo (and iipeikou) are already 2-3 han (consider the chance for ippatsu and ura as well). Menzen riichi is very strong!

Key point #7

Mahjong is a game of choosing what lottery you want to participate in. Choose carefully, since every lottery has a different cost, probability and payout.NPMahjong

East 3, 1 Honba

East 4, 0 Honba (Last of East Round)

East 4, 0 Honba (Last of East Round)
East 4, 0 Honba (Last of East Round)

Shape. Discard 5pmahjong tile. There is no need and no “natural” way of turning this hand into 345 sanshoku anymore - drawing 5smahjong tile would just mean that you missed your chance for tenpai. You're forcing it too hard, and you don’t need the value so badly right now. A good shape East Riichi is a stronger choice. Discarding 5pmahjong tile gives you the most considerable tenpai chance, all of which leave you with a good wait.

Key point #8

An early good shape riichi hand is your most reliable ally when you’re EastNPMahjong

East 4, 0 Honba (Last of East Round)

The 5mmahjong tile just passed, and two people didn’t change their hands. Don’t give your opponents the chance to call pon/chii/kan/ron on 2mmahjong tile. Discard 5mmahjong tile.


South 1, 0 Honba

South 1, 0 Honba
South 1, 0 Honba

If you discard this live Chun 10 times, it’s bound to deal in once. Just because it’s an honor, it doesn’t mean it’s safe. Since you’re folding to this East riichi (because this hand is terrible in shape and value), it’s an unnecessary risk. Discard 3pmahjong tile first.

South 1, 0 Honba

East riichi and 1 person pushing. You’re not supposed to push 2mmahjong tile while noten (and with that 7smahjong tile penchan that’s half dead); it’s too naïve, you’re only giving people chances. Please, fold!

South 1, 0 Honba

The 9pmahjong tile and 3pmahjong tile are safe, but 6pmahjong tile hasn’t shown up yet! It’s not “safe.” Therefore, that's just another unnecessary risk.

Key point #9

.Double check your safe tiles - suji doesn't equal safe.NPMahjong

South 3, 1 Honba

South 3, 1 Honba
South 3, 1 Honba

Key point #10

Even if all options are "right", there is usually one better optionNPMahjong

Disclaimer: All things considered, riichi isn’t really bad, it’s a bet that will give you a good enough average placement. Also, dama wouldn't be a bad choice either. After all, if you were playing Tenhou Rules I might choose dama in some cases. So let’s get that out of the way first.

However, I do believe that neither of them is the best choice in these (and under most of the existing) rules. The best discard is 8mmahjong tile for the points and shape.

  1. 2mmahjong tile (furiten 3menchan)
  2. 3mmahjong tile (47p wait, sanshoku)
  3. 4mmahjong tile (25m ryanmen wait)
  4. 5mmahjong tile (47m ryamen wait)
  5. 6mmahjong tile (47p wait, no sanshoku)
  6. 7mmahjong tile (furiten 3menchan)
  7. 4pmahjong tile (36m wait, sanshoku)
  8. 5pmahjong tile (467p three sided wait)
  9. 7pmahjong tile (36m wait)

And yes, you will riichi with a furiten 3menchan wait. A kanchan wait for a 3 or 7 and a furiten 3-sided-wait have pretty much the same winning chance, with the latter being more expensive than the former (thanks to the extra han of menzen tsumo). Therefore, if you’re willing to riichi this kanchan, you might as well be prepared and ready to riichi that triple wait!

Bonus Key Point

Reaching your furiten hands actually increases their hand win percentage, as it increases the likelihood other people will step out. A three-sided wait furiten riichi has almost the same winning chance as a middle tile kanchan riichi.NPMahjong

Considering all of the above, I don’t think I fully understand why you chase improvements and yaku that are so out of hand in the mid-game, but then you won’t pursue them when there are so many tiles and possibilities. Please, keep this kind of shape in mind. This could have been the turning point of this game.

As for what happened in the last hand in All Last, I don’t think there’s much you could’ve done to avoid that... there wasn't much of a chance to do anything.


Those were the most critical comments for this game. I believe you were probably very much aware of these things while you were playing when given a chance to think about it you can make the right choices. To improve that aspect, please don’t give up on studying and practicing shapes! Then, after you master the basic rules, you can begin bending them to your will!

“Learn the rules like a pro, so you can break them like an artist”Pablo Picasso

Thank you for reading! If you liked this mahjong game review, you could get your own game reviewed by pledging in my Patreon and sending me a message with your game. I also keep some premium content in there only for Patrons, and I answer DMs and inquiries. As a professional mahjong player in Japan, I'm on a busy schedule, but I will make time for your questions!

If you can’t, that’s fine, just please share this post with your friends online if you liked it! It helps a lot! =)

Good luck at the tables and see you next time!

By: Nicolas from Japan Pro Mahjong Association
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